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Group 4 Keys and Identification Guides

This list of keys and guides below is simply a suggested list; it is not comprehensive, and there may be taxa included in the test material that are not included in the more general keys.  We expect taxonomists to be aware of recent literature changes, and thus know how to identify the genera even though there may not be any keys. A good taxonomist needs to know how to work in the absence of "keys". While we will attempt to include citations for important primary literature, it is the candidate's responsibility to be familiar with the current status of the group in question.

Group 4 - Oligochaeta

Oligochaeta

Sub Order

Family

Subfamily

Genus

Oligochaeta

Enchytraeida

Enchytraeidae

not established

Enchytraeus

Oligochaeta

Enchytraeida

Enchytraeidae

not established

Mesenchytraeus

Oligochaeta  Microdrili  Haplotaxida  Haplotaxidae  Haplotaxis

Oligochaeta

Lumbriculida

Lumbriculidae

not established

Eclipidrilus

Oligochaeta

Lumbriculida

Lumbriculidae

not established

Kincaidiana

Oligochaeta

Lumbriculida

Lumbriculidae

not established

Lumbriculus

Oligochaeta

Lumbriculida

Lumbriculidae

not established

Rhynchelmis

Oligochaeta

Lumbriculida

Lumbriculidae

not established

Stylodrilus

Oligochaeta

Opisthopora

Sparganophilidae

not established

Sparganophilus

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Naidinae

Chaetogaster

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Naidinae

Nais

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Naidinae

Ophidonais

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Naidinae

Slavina

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Naidinae

Stylaria

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Rhyacodrilinae

Bothrioneurum

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Rhyacodrilinae

Branchiura

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Rhyacodrilinae

Rhyacodrilus

Oligochaeta  Tubificida   Tubificinae Telmatodrilinae   Telmatodrilus

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Tubificinae

Aulodrilus

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Tubificinae

Limnodrilus

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Tubificinae

Spirosperma

Oligochaeta

Tubificida

Naididae

Tubificinae

Tubifex

 

Suggested Keys and Guides for Group 4 (Annelids)

Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica Editio Secunda (2014) website

On Monday 6 January 2014, Mark J. Wetzel (INHS) and John Reynolds (Oligochaetology Lab) launched a new website presenting the second edition of Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica Editio Secunda  – a catalogue of names, descriptions, and type specimens of the Oligochaeta.

     URL: http://wwx.inhs.illinois.edu/people/mjwetzel/nomenoligo

This web-based Second Edition of Nomenclatura Oligochaetologica: 

  • integrates the accounts included in the original volume (Reynolds and Cook, 1976) with those presented in the three supplements (Reynolds and Cook, 1981, 1989, 1993) - the original series;
  • updates and corrects accounts for the generic, subgeneric, specific, and infra-specific names of oligochaetes (Annelida, oligochaetous Clitellata) as presented in the original series;
  • adds accounts for all oligochaete taxa described as new to science since 1993 – including barcode, GenBank, tissue repository, and other pertinent DNA sequencing information;
  • expands the Index AuctorumIndex AuctoritatumIndex MuseorumProlegomenonGlossarium, and References sections of the original series;
  • includes translations (in 11 languages) of  the Prolegomena and Glossaria of the original series and this second edition; 
  • presents and expands Dedicatio sections in the original series with biographies and memoria for our historical and contemporary colleagues focused on oligochaetology, including bibliographies of their published scientific contributions;
  • offers a forum for Current Perspectives in oligochaete phylogeny, taxonomy, systematics, and nomenclature;
  • provides a Using This Nomenclator section with account examples and instructions for using and navigating this web-based catalogue; 
  • includes an annotated list of links to web-based annelid resources.

The advantage of a web based edition is that it allows for corrections and additions to occur immediately after the information reaches us.  We encourage assistance from our colleagues around the World to correct errors, update the information for each taxon account as presented, and to provide complete account information for newly described taxa as well as those that we have overlooked. – John W. Reynolds and Mark J. Wetzel

 


Oligochaeta:

Brinkhurst, R.O. 1986. Guide to the freshwater aquatic microdrile oligochaetes of North America. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 84. vi + 259 pp. [This guide out of print; now superseded by Kathman and Brinkhurst (1998) (citation provided below)]

Brinkhurst, R.O., and S.R. Gelder. 2001. Annelida: Oligochaeta, including Branchiobdellidae. Pages 431-463, In: J.H. Thorp and A.P. Covich (eds). Ecology and classification of North American freshwater invertebrates. Second Edition. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Brinkhurst, R.O., and B.G.M. Jamieson. 1971. Aquatic Oligochaeta of the world. Univ. Toronto Press, Buffalo, New York. 860 pp. [Out of print; a classic reference if you can find a used copy].

Hiltunen, J.K., and D.J. Klemm. 1980. A guide to the Naididae (Annelida: Clitellata: Oligochaeta) of North America. EPA-600/4-80-031. Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. 48 pp. [now out of print]

Hiltunen, J. K., and D. J. Klemm. 1985. Freshwater Naididae (Annelida: Oligochaeta). Pages 24-43, In: D.J. Klemm (ed). A guide to the freshwater Annelida (Polychaeta, naidid and tubificid Oligochaeta, and Hirudinea) of North America. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, IA. [now out of print]

Howmiller, R.P., and M.S. Loden. 1976. Identification of Wisconsin Tubificidae and Naididae. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences Arts and Letters 64:185-197.

Kathman, R.D., and R.O. Brinkhurst. 1998. Guide to the freshwater oligochaetes of North America. Aquatic Resources Center, College Grove, TN. 264 pp. [ USD$55.00 (personal or business check, or money order; no purchase orders or charge card sales); to order, contact Dr. Kathman via E-mail, at: R.DeedeeKathman@state.tn.us, and also rdkathman@ix.netcom.com].

Klemm, D.J. (ed). 1985. A guide to the freshwater Annelida (Polychaeta, naidid and tubificid Oligochaeta, and Hirudinea) of North America. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, IA. xiii + 198 pp. [now out of print]

Klemm, D.J. 1995. Identification guide to the freshwater leeches (Annelida: Hirudinea) of Florida and other southern states. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Surface Water Management, Tallahassee, FL. [This manual is available free, as a pdf document that you can download from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection website, at: < http://www.dep.state.fl.us/labs/cgi-bin/sbio/keys.asp >; you must scroll down to the listing for this manual, then click on the entry  “Leeches.pdf”’; do not attempt a download if you are using a dial-up internet connection].

Milligan, M.R. 1997. Identification manual for the aquatic Oligochaeta of Florida, Volume I. Freshwater oligochaetes. 187 pp. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee. [This manual is available free, as a pdf document that you can download from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection website, at: < http://www.dep.state.fl.us/labs/cgi-bin/sbio/keys.asp >  Note:  this identification manual was extensively based on the Brinkhurst (1986) guide, and then published one year before Kathman and Brinkhurst (1998), and thus significantly outdated; yet, the information presented in this manual, especially for the freshwater oligochaete fauna occurring in Florida, is still useful; many nomenclatural and systematic changes have occurred since this manual was published].

Stimpson, K.S., D.J. Klemm, and J.K. Hiltunen. 1982. A guide to the freshwater Tubificidae (Annelida: Clitellata: Oligochaeta) of North America. EPA-600/3-82-033 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Monitoring & Support Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH. x + 61 pp.

Strayer, D. 1990. Aquatic Oligochaeta. Pages 373-397, In: B.L. Peckarsky, P.R. Fraissinet, M.A. Penton, and D.J. Conklin, Jr. (eds). Freshwater macroinvertebrates of northeastern North America. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, NY. xi + 442 pp. Paper softcover. ISBN 0-8014-9688-8. 

Wetzel, M.J., S.V. Fend, K.A. Coates, R.D. Kathman, and S.R. Gelder. 2006. Taxonomy, systematics, and ecology of the aquatic Oligochaeta and Branchiobdellidae (Annelida, Clitellata) of North America, with emphasis on the fauna occurring in Florida. A workbook. 1 August 2006. vi + 269 pp. + color plates.  [available from M.J. Wetzel { mjwetzel@illinois.edu}, for $45.00USD, post paid in U.S. (=cost of reproduction, postage)].  [this workbook compliments some of the keys presented in Kathman and Brinkhurst, 1998; numerous updates for families, nomenclature, literature, keys, species accounts, ecology; also first extensive information on the freshwater Enchytraeidae of North America, with keys to genera, and chapter focusing on the megadrile oligochaete species commonly present in aquatic samples] 

"Note:  A new version of this workbook is now being prepared, and will likely be available after 21 January 2009. "
 

 

Hirudinea:

Davies, R.W. 1971. A key to the freshwater Hirudinoidea of Canada.  J. Fish. Res. Board Canada.  28: 543-552.

Klemm, D.J. (ed). 1985a. A guide to the freshwater Annelida (Polychaeta, naidid and tubificid Oligochaeta, and Hirudinea) of North America. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, IA. xiii + 198 pp. [now out of print]

Klemm, D.J. 1995. Identification guide to the freshwater leeches (Annelida: Hirudinea) of Florida and other southern states. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Surface Water Management, Tallahassee, FL. [This manual is available free, as a pdf document that you can download from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection website, at: 
< http://www.dep.state.fl.us/labs/cgi-bin/sbio/keys.asp >; you must scroll down to the listing for this manual, then click on the entry  “Leeches.pdf”’; do not attempt a download if you are using a dial-up internet connection]. [good keys, information, for Floridian spccies that also have distributions elsewhere in North America]


 

 

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